Five conjectures of the first proposal of the two

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Five conjectures of "proposal 1" of the two sessions

in this year's two sessions, proposal 1, which has attracted much attention, focuses on low carbon

as soon as the "suggestions on promoting China's low-carbon economic and social development" put forward by the Central Committee of the Jiu San Society was released, it was not only highly recognized by the national development and Reform Commission, but also quickly set off a low-carbon fever of the two sessions

this is because proposal 1 often focuses on the hot spots and difficulties of social and economic development, and also because proposal 1 often indicates the direction of development and the focus of efforts in the future. In the government work report delivered by Premier Wen Jiabao, low carbon was also mentioned in two places

this indicates that in 2010 and even longer, low-carbon will become a new driving force and engine for China's economic development, and will also be a new wind vane leading the reconstruction of the industrial system and consumption mode

there is no doubt that in 2010, around the establishment and full implementation of the low-carbon policy, many new changes will take place in the policy framework, legal system, industrial transformation and changes in consumption patterns

guess 1: new development strategy

China is already one of the countries most affected by climate change in the world, and the problem of climate change has become the biggest international constraint on China's development. The proposal put forward by the Central Committee of the Jiu San Society clearly believes that developing a low-carbon economy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions will be a long-term and arduous task for China in the future

Proposal No. 1 innovatively proposes to determine the low-carbon development path with Chinese characteristics as a major strategy for economic and social development, and puts forward two specific suggestions:

first, organize the forces of relevant parties to carefully study the relationship between low-carbon development and existing strategies under the guidance of the scientific concept of development, and clarify the core requirements, implementation methods and strategic objectives of the low-carbon development path with Chinese characteristics

second, take the low-carbon economy as a new economic growth point, take the low-carbon development path with Chinese characteristics as a major strategy to cope with climate change and promote economic development, and consider a longer-term plan when it is included in the 12th Five Year Plan

this year, the formulation of the 12th Five Year Plan will also be basically completed. According to the proposal of proposal 1, it can be predicted that in 2010, the country will start the relevant basic work of low-carbon development, formulate a scientific low-carbon development plan, and gradually establish an open, transparent and responsible greenhouse gas emission reduction system

low carbon development and energy conservation and emission reduction will also be more closely integrated. For example, according to the Ministry of environmental protection, the environmental protection department will expand the scope of environmental monitoring this year and actively carry out the monitoring of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases where conditions permit. At the same time, the state will also accelerate the verification of local carbon emission indicators, gradually build a carbon emission trading mechanism, and choose the opportunity to carry out carbon emission trading pilot and carbon emission accountability

according to the proposal No. 1, the country will also implement a number of major action plans for low-carbon development according to the requirements of coping with climate change and enhancing the capacity of disaster prevention and mitigation, including focusing on the implementation of major action plans such as the adjustment of energy structure, the development and utilization of green energy, green buildings, public transport, rural biogas and terrestrial ecological carbon cycle; Strengthen administrative means such as regional approval restrictions, resolutely curb the launching of high energy consumption and high emission projects, and avoid high carbon emissions lock-in

at this year's two sessions, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Zhi Gong also said in a proposal that in the work of increasing the number of large projects and suppressing the number of small ones, and closing down, we should try our best to avoid and reduce the lock-in effect brought by the recent major project investment and construction, so as not to lead to some large projects that need 20 or 30 years to recover costs or technological improvement, which will immediately become an irresistible burden of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as they are launched

in fact, the main reason why many industries are difficult to change the situation of high pollution and high energy consumption and realize the transformation of production mode is carbon locking

Liushijin, deputy director of the development research center of the State Council, said that China is currently in the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization, and a large number of infrastructure and equipment will be put into operation in the next 20 years. In the context of large-scale investment, if advanced technology, equipment and development concepts are not adopted, once completed, it will be locked in the path of high energy consumption, high pollution and high emissions throughout its life cycle

therefore, Liu Shijin believes that we should start developing a low-carbon economy as soon as possible, adopt advanced production technology and equipment, reasonable urbanization mode and energy-saving consumption mode in the development, and embark on the development path of low energy consumption, low pollution and low emissions

this is the reason why the transformation is urgent. In this year's government work report, Premier Wen Jiabao also stressed the need to vigorously develop low-carbon technologies, promote energy-efficient technologies, actively develop new and renewable energy, and strive to build an industrial system and consumption model characterized by low-carbon emissions

guess 2: low carbon development pilot area

proposal 1 also proposes to establish a number of low carbon development pilot areas in areas with different levels of economic development in the East, middle and west to explore low carbon development experience

in fact, at the local two sessions held before the national two sessions, low carbon has become a key word in the work reports of most provincial, district and municipal governments. According to the rough statistics of some media, the test results are intuitively displayed to users, and the words "low carbon" appear in the government work reports of the two sessions of 28 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities

Chongqing has the conditions to take the lead in piloting low-carbon economy. At this year's two sessions, Kuang Ping, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of Chongqing Municipal Bureau of landscape architecture, submitted the "suggestions on supporting Chongqing in developing a low-carbon economy and implementing a pilot low-carbon economy"

it is reported that Chongqing has applied to the State Council for the establishment of Liangjiang New Area, together with national economic and technological development zones, high-tech development zones and booming municipal characteristic industrial parks, which can provide rich pilot content for the development of low-carbon economy at the regional level, industrial park level and enterprise level. It can be said that there are laboratories everywhere, It can create experience and methods for all key industries of greenhouse gas emissions in the country, and will have a huge demonstration effect

Wu Gang, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Chongqing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, also said that Chongqing's wind power equipment technology has occupied a leading position in China, and it is entirely possible to make good use of this technological advantage to vigorously develop advanced wind power equipment and seize the first opportunity in the wind power equipment market in the era of low-carbon economy in the future

focusing on the goal of low-carbon economy, Yunnan Province has shut down and eliminated 918000 kW small thermal power units since the eleventh five year plan, and the last small thermal power unit with an installed capacity of 135000 kW will be shut down before May 31 this year. At the same time, Yunnan has also studied and issued relevant policies to promote the development of low-energy emerging industries such as advantageous biological industries, equipment manufacturing, optoelectronics, tourism and modern logistics, and improve the proportion of low-energy and low emission industries in the industrial economy. Last year, Yunnan Province cooperated with the National Development Bank to set up a 20billion yuan industrial special loan to promote the development of emerging advantageous industries with financial discount

as China's first pilot area for tourism reform and innovation, Hainan Province has also recently proposed to actively try to become a pilot area for low-carbon economic development, strengthen environmental remediation, strengthen infrastructure construction, and attract overseas high-level talents and high-end industries with a good environment

in contrast, Jiangsu, an economically developed province, has embarked on the study of changing fees into taxes in the field of environmental protection, and decided to carry out pilot projects in a timely manner to establish a sound environmental tax system

yesterday, it was learned from the Environmental Planning Institute of the Ministry of environmental protection that the "strategic plan for the development of low carbon cities in Wuxi" has passed the expert demonstration. Wuxi has become the first city in China to complete the formulation of the strategic plan for the development of low-carbon cities. It is understood that the plan not only puts forward the low-carbon city development goals of Wuxi in 2015 and 2020, but also formulates the road map and schedule of low-carbon development in Wuxi, and defines the key development areas and tasks such as low-carbon industry, low-carbon transportation, low-carbon construction, low-carbon consumption, etc

during the two sessions, Wu Xinxiong, governor of Jiangxi Province, also said in an interview that in the future, Jiangxi will cultivate more industries and advantageous leading enterprises in line with the ecological and low-carbon economy, and better expand the market space and become stronger and bigger by directly listing and financing at home and abroad. This itself is also a process of adjusting the structure and eliminating the fittest: if there is a wrong model purchase

in less than two months, the 2010 Shanghai WorldExpo will be held. Shanghai has also marked the Expo with a low-carbon mark. Hong Hao, Deputy Secretary General of the Shanghai Municipal People's government and director of the Shanghai WorldExpo Coordination Bureau, told China business news that the United Nations Environment Program and Shanghai jointly formulated the "Green Guide for the 2010 Shanghai WorldExpo". Under the guidance of experts, Shanghai has carried out a series of work on the practice of a low-carbon and green WorldExpo

guess 3: the resource and environment tax will be broken within this year

in this year's government work report, Premier Wen Jiabao mentioned that there should be some room for the reform of resource and environment taxes and the price of resource products when talking about the preparation methods of finalized phase change materials, including porous adsorption method and the main expected objectives of economic and social development

this means that the reform of resource and environmental taxes and fees and the price of resource products, which have been expected by all parties for many years, is expected to be broken within this year

I think now is the time for resource tax reform. We should seize the opportunity to make full and effective use of economic leverage. Jia Kang, director of the Institute of financial Sciences of the Ministry of finance, said in an interview with China business news that when inflation has not yet posed real pressure, we should seize the opportunity to adjust the economic structure, expand domestic demand, reduce export dependence, and promote resource price reform

the reform of resource tax and fee has been discussed repeatedly in previous years, but the right time to start has not been found. At the right time, we should seize this opportunity. He said

during the two sessions this year, the Central Committee of the rural labor party also put forward a proposal to accelerate the formulation and implementation of carbon tax policies and promote the steady development of low-carbon economy. According to the proposal, carbon tax based on carbon dioxide emission tax base is a key step and the most market-efficient policy tool to achieve a low-carbon economy, and has become an important policy choice for many developed countries to cope with climate change and develop a low-carbon economy

the proposal of the Central Committee of the rural labor party believes that at present, China is at a critical juncture of economic restructuring and energy conservation and emission reduction, formulating and implementing carbon tax policies, giving enterprises a clear policy signal that the country will continue to strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction and respond to global climate change, guiding enterprises to actively adjust the energy structure and product structure, and occupy the commanding heights of low-carbon energy, low-carbon technology and low-carbon products through scientific and technological innovation, It plays a very important role in promoting the adjustment of China's economic structure and energy structure and improving its international competitiveness

according to this newspaper, in the past two years, the Ministry of environmental protection, the Ministry of Finance and other units have made a lot of full preparations for the reform of resource and environmental tax. In 2009, relevant research groups went to Hubei Province and Anhui Province to carry out research on the implementation of preferential environmental tax policies, environmental protection verification, and the pilot reform of tax collection and management mode, so as to achieve the goal of protecting the jaw contact surface of environmental taxation

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